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Tuesday, April 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India found in the catalog.

Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India

Prasanta Mahapatra

Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India

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Published by Institute of Health Systems in Hyderabad .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementPrasantha Mahapatra, C.K. George.
SeriesReport series -- RP 36/2006
ContributionsGeorge, C. K., Institute of Health Systems (Hyderabad, India)
The Physical Object
Pagination34 p. ;
Number of Pages34
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL23930597M
LC Control Number2009346809

Kumar, R., Virdi, N.K., Lakshmi, P., Garg, R., Bhattacharya, M. and Khera, A. () Utility of Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission (PPTCT) Programme Data for. Downloadable (with restrictions)! Based on the data of the Demographic and Health Survey, and of the Household Priority Survey, carried out in , the present study, examining the factors of the HIV prevalence in Burkina Faso, provides two conclusions. Firstly, the fight against poverty is not necessarily a means of reducing at the same time in a drastic way the HIV/AIDS prevalence, an. Hospital-derived testing data is very important in the estimation of nationwide HIV seroprevalence, and prevalence models or estimation methods are required to estimate the number of HIV tests performed in the hospital. The nationwide HIV seroprevalence is important for AIDS prevention and evaluation of HIV testing lowdowntracks4impact.com by:


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Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India by Prasanta Mahapatra Download PDF EPUB FB2

In India. The first HIV estimation in India was done inwhile the last round was done in India HIV Estimateslatest round in the series, provides the current status of the HIV epidemic in the country and the States/ Union Territories (UTs) on key parameters of HIV prevalence, numbers of.

process of HIV estimation. The expert committee on HIV estimation in India formulated in evolved a methodology involving several assumptions to estimate the number of PLHIV in the country, in consultation with WHO and UNAIDS. The year is a landmark in the history of HSS as well as the HIV estimation process.

The. Jan 01,  · Objectives To update the estimation of Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India book adult HIV prevalence and number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in India for the year − with the combination of improved data and methods.

Design Based on HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data and a set of epidemiological assumptions, estimates of HIV prevalence and burden in India have been lowdowntracks4impact.com by: Numbers.

The executive director of the Global Fund for AIDS, TB and Malaria, suggested that inIndia overtook South Africa in having the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world.

3 The true prevalence of HIV in India is still debatable. Some of the available estimates of incidence have been carried out among sex workers in Maharashtra ( per person years) and Cited by: What is HSS. HSS stands for HIV sero-prevalence survey.

That is; HIV prevalence is investigated HSS plays critical role in collecting data required for the HIV estimation and projection exercise for the country This 11th round of HSS had been conducted by the NCHADS with technical and financial supports from other developing.

updated Spectrum Beta19 tool was used for the HIV Estimates. This version of Spectrum included an inbuilt Estimation and Projection Package and was customised for India considering the Population Projection for the country.

HIV Estimates provide sound evidence on the current trend of the epidemic. The HIV estimates confirm that. May 26,  · There is a need to Estimation of HIV sero prevalence in India book existing pediatric HIV estimation methods in India and other developing countries.

Research protocol for an epidemiological study on estimating disease burden of pediatric HIV in Belgaum district, India Sethumadhavan, R.

et al. Research protocol for an epidemiological study on estimating disease burden of Author: Anju Sinha. *Estimated as 81% of PLHIV in Actual value will depend on how epidemic evolves over time. Note: The Fast-Track infographic is based on last year HIV estimates. Aug 19,  · The Indian government last week challenged the estimates of HIV prevalence in the country—made by various UN agencies—by releasing its first “working estimate”.

The government's official figure is 3·5 million people infected among the country's population, which is now more than 1 billion. “The estimation of HIV ranges from 2·3 million to 3·5 million infections, as in mid Cited by: 5.

Background: The prevalence of HIV among the adult population has continued a steady decline at the national level from an estimated peak of % in down to % in Improved estimates of India's HIV burden in in HIV sero-prevalence estimates from and incidence in the region derived from the globally recommended HIV burden estimation methods.

HIV/AIDS is the most serious health concern in South Africa. The country has the highest number of people afflicted with HIV of any country, and the fourth-highest adult HIV prevalence rate, according to the United Nations statistics.

According to a UNAids dataset sourced from the World Bank, in the HIV prevalence rate for adults aged 15 to 49 was 37% in Swaziland, 25% in Lesotho. Suppose HIV prevalence at time t 1 Cited by: 1. Oct 05,  · The National Aids Control Organization, a division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, was established in with the aim of providing leadership to the HIV/AIDS control programme in India.

It is headquartered at New Delhi. India has the third largest HIV epidemic in the world. InHIV prevalence among adults (aged ) was an estimated %. This figure is small compared to most other middle-income countries but because of India's huge population ( billion people) this equates to million people living with HIV.1 2 Overall, India’s HIV epidemic is slowing down.

Author summary Dengue disease, transmitted through the bite of DENV infected mosquitoes, is an increasing health problem in the Asian subcontinent, including India. Dengue ranges from mild undifferentiated fever to circulatory shock and potentially death. Clinical disease gives an incomplete picture of the magnitude of dengue, because many infections are lowdowntracks4impact.com by: 4.

HIV/AIDS is an epidemic in India. The NACO estimated that million people live with HIV/AIDS in India in Despite being home to the world's third-largest population suffering from HIV/AIDS (as ofwith South Africa and Nigeria having more), the AIDS prevalence rate in India is lower than in many other countries.

InIndia's AIDS prevalence rate stood at approximately %. HIV Prevalence in India in Data are for public prenatal clinics and are from the National AIDS Control Organization, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of lowdowntracks4impact.com by: Prevalence and Incidence of HIV Infection.

HIV Prevalence. Workshop participants assessed the Public Health Service (PHS) estimate of 1 million to million HIV infections (1) and evaluated the range of current estimates derived from statistical models and from direct estimation based on HIV seroprevalence survey data.

Mar 01,  · The number of health facilities offering PMTCT services increased from 9 in to in There was a steady decline in HIV prevalence in pregnant women from % in to % in The number of sites for the National HIV sero-sentinel survey in Gombe state remained 2 rural and 2 urban sites over the last 10 lowdowntracks4impact.com: Elon Warnow Isaac, Alfred Annabi Massa, Suraj Abdulkarim, Ayomikun Ajani, Christiana Oyeniyi.

2 NATIONAL POPULATION SIzE ESTIMATION, HIV RELATED RISK BEHAVIORS, AND HIV PREVALENCE AMONG MEN wHO HAVE SEx wITH MEN IN CAMBODIA IN Disclaimer: This report is made possible by the generous support of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis.

Research protocol for an epidemiological study on estimating disease burden of pediatric HIV in Belgaum district, India Anju Sinha1*, Anita Nath2, Rajeev Sethumadhavan3, Shajy Isac3 and Reynold Washington4 Abstract Background: Pediatric HIV is poised to become a major public health problem in India with the rising trend of HIVAuthor: Anju Sinha, Anita Nath, Rajeev Sethumadhavan, Shajy Isac, Reynold Washington.

The HIV/AIDS Data Hub for the Asia-Pacific works to provide decision-makers and experts with high quality, accessible and up-to-date data on HIV in the region. It works with many regional and national partners in compiling, updating and analyzing evidence on the HIV epidemic.

In this region, HIV is clustered and concentrated among specific sub-populations, as well as within. India has the world’s 2nd largest population and is the 7th largest country geographically, sharing land borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.

In recent years India has Author: Shruti H. Mehta, Robert C. Bollinger. Concentrated HIV prevalence is consistently over 5% in at least one defined sub-population but below 1% in pregnant women in urban areas.

Sero-surveys should remain focused on high-risk populations, such as STI clinics, sex workers, IDUs. Measuring HIV prevalence in ANCs is also recommended, to detect bridging of infection to the general.

Feb 23,  · Objective To determine the rates of death and infection from HIV in India. Design Nationally representative survey of deaths. Setting million homes in India. Population deaths at all ages from to Main outcome measures HIV mortality and infection. Results HIV accounted for % (99% confidence interval % to %) of all deaths among adults aged Cited by: Introduction: Variation in the proportion of individuals living in a stable HIV sero-discordant partnership (SDP), and the potential drivers of such variability across sub Saharan Africa (SSA), are still not well-understood.

This study aimed to examine the spatial clustering of HIV sero-discordancy, and the impact of local variation in HIV prevalence on patterns of sero-discordancy in high HIV Cited by: 5. InALAFA requested a follow-up HIV and KAP survey among garment and apparel workers in Lesotho in order to assess the impact of HIV preventative interventions since the baseline study in The majority of workers within the textile industry are migrant workers (63%) and mainly female (88%).

HIV prevalence in this workforce is therefore. HIV test. Findings are presented on HIV prevalence by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Being the first survey to present estimates of HIV prevalence at the national, urban-rural, regional, and district levels, data from the MDHS serve as baseline findings.

Trend. Epidemiological Study of Opportunistic Infections in HIV Sero Positive Patients in South India Authors Eppa Harikrishna1, lowdowntracks4impact.com2, Dr lowdowntracks4impact.com Kumar2, Dr lowdowntracks4impact.come3, V.

Chandrashekar4 1Pharm.D Intern, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Care College of Pharmacy, Warangal 2 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Care College of Pharmacy, WarangalAuthor: Eppa Harikrishna. million HIV cases in India, 50% drop in new infections in past decade: UNAIDS report New infections in India have fallen to 80, in from ,0 00 in and the fall is expected to Author: Sanchita Sharma.

Oct 10,  · HIV Surveillance Supplemental Reports are based on data from CDC’s National HIV Surveillance System and are issued intermittently. The Enhanced HIV/AIDS Reporting System (eHARS) is a browser-based, CDC-developed application that assists health departments with reporting, data management, analysis, and transfer of data to CDC.

Although HIV prevalenceâ the proportion of people who are infected at a single point in timeâ can be measured through cross-sectional studies, estimating HIV incidence, or the number of people who become infected with HIV over a given amount of time, is much more difficult, because HIV infection is.

The national adult HIV prevalence is %. However, the aggregate data mask the multiple and diverse HIV sub-epidemics in the country. Of the 35 States of India, 6 States, four in southern India (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka) and two in north eastern India (Manipur and Nagaland) have generalized epidemics with HIV prevalence.

Nov 04,  · History of HIV/AIDS in India India’s first cases of HIV were diagnosed among sex workers in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Most of the initial cases had occurred through heterosexual sex; but at the end of the s, a rapid spread of HIV was observed among injecting drug users in. However, all of the population-based HIV studies carried out in in India should cut by at least half and possibly more the official estimates by UNAIDS or the Indian National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO).

Projection of future HIV prevalence is even more uncertain than estimation. HIV Prevalence Rate in India In spite of having world's third biggest inhabitants suffering from the disease, the HIV prevalence rate in India is less than numerous other countries.

This technical report presents the results of the HIV/Syphilis Sentinel Seroprevalence Survey conducted in two sentinel sites of Nigeria. It highlights the methodology used, the results and its limitations, and makes an estimate of the number of Nigerians infected with the AIDS lowdowntracks4impact.com by: 7.

HIV, the cause of AIDS, has in the 25 years since its discovery spread rapidly to every region in the lowdowntracks4impact.com date, more than 65 million people have been infected with HIV and about 25 million people have died from lowdowntracks4impact.com the current decade of the epidemic, there has been a substantial increase in HIV infection in women, and about 40% of all new infections among adults occurred in young Cited by: Nov 12,  · Epidemiology of AIDS in India.

In India there is an estimated million people infected with HIV in India today. The most rapid and well-documented spread of infection has occurred in /5. Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Kenya () Utility of Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission Program Data for HIV Surveillance in Kenya Methods, Findings, and Recommendations.

Kenya National AIDS and STD Control Program, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Nairobi.Epidemiology of HIV/ AIDS in India National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, India Indian HIV/ AIDS epidemic [Important milestones] First report of HIV infections in sex workers in Chennai, first report of AIDS in Mumbai HIV infection reported among intravenous drug users in Manipur State Indian National AIDS Control Programme was.May 13,  · e-Book Author Guidelines; e-Books Peer-Review Process Sero-prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus and High Risk of Hepatotoxicity among TB/HIV Positive and HIV Negative Population in Western Cameroon HBsAg and HIV antibodies in 9 (%), and anti-VHC and HIV antibodies in 2 (%).

Estimation of liver enzymes in all co-infected and TB Author: Leonard Fonkeng Sama, Olive Ismael Nganou Djinou, Elvis Chongsi Wam, Roland Bamou, Innocent Mbulli A.